Emmanuel Comte is a research fellow in international history at the Vienna School of International Studies. He specializes in contemporary European history, with a focus on the history of European Integration and the history of migration in post-war Europe. He is a graduate of the École Normale Supérieure in Paris and holds a Ph.D. in history from Sorbonne University. He has received the Ph.D. dissertation prize of the French Ministry of Social Affairs. He has held academic positions at the European University Institute in Florence and the University of California, Berkeley. He publishes in English and in French and works with seven languages (French, English, Italian, German, Spanish, Greek, and Dutch).
Emmanuel's recent book, The History of the European Migration Regime: Germany's Strategic Hegemony (Routledge, 2018), explores the origins of the international migration regime that has prevailed within the European Union since the 1990s. With the free movement of people, European citizenship, and the Schengen agreements, the European migration regime has been in the global governance of migration a peculiar case, characterized by a high degree of internal openness. Today, migration has become one of the most contentious issues within the Union, generating interrogations on the nature of European Integration. On the basis of detailed archival enquiry, this book explains the internal openness of the European migration regime through the hegemonic role played by Germany. The German economy has stabilized migration flows in Europe during most decades in the past half century. By doing so, it has served to secure the rules of internal free movement within the Union, championed—as the book recounts—by the German government since the 1950s to promote its regional interests.
Emmanuel has explored other themes in scientific articles and academic book chapters. They include the role of regionalism in the European Union's external migration policy (Les Cahiers Irice, 2012); the interdependence created in the Mediterranean since the 1980s by international migration flows (Journal of European Integration History, 2015); the turning point of 1955 in the formation of the European migration regime (Relations Internationales, 2016); the origins of European citizenship (Peter Lang, 2016); the narrowing-down of the OECD migration functions (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017); and xenophobia among French sailors in the 1970s (Le Mouvement social, 2018).
Dr Emmanuel Comte
Vienna School of International Studies
Department of History
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