Emmanuel Comte is a research fellow in international history at the Vienna School of International Studies. He specializes in contemporary European history, with a focus on the history of European Integration and the history of migration in post-war Europe. A graduate of the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, he holds a Ph.D. in history from Sorbonne University. His Ph.D. dissertation received a Ph.D. dissertation prize from the French Ministry of Social Affairs. He previously held academic positions at the European University Institute in Florence and the University of California, Berkeley. He publishes scholarly outputs in English and in French. He works with documents in seven languages, including French, English, Italian, German, Spanish, and, for simple documents, Greek and Dutch.
Emmanuel's recent book, The History of the European Migration Regime: Germany's Strategic Hegemony (Routledge, 2018), explores the origins of the international migration regime that has prevailed within the European Union since the 1990s. With the free movement of people, European citizenship, and the Schengen agreements, the European migration regime has been in the global governance of migration a peculiar case, characterized by a high degree of internal openness. Today, migration has become one of the most contentious issues within the Union, generating interrogations on the nature of European Integration. On the basis of detailed archival enquiry, this book explains the internal openness of the European migration regime through the hegemonic role played by Germany. The German economy has stabilized migration flows in Europe during most decades in the past half century. By doing so, it has served to secure the rules of internal free movement within the Union, championed by the German government since the 1950s to promote its regional interests.
Emmanuel has explored other themes related to migration in scientific articles and academic book chapters:
*He has researched the beginnings of European Integration. The questions he has investigated include the narrowing-down of the OECD migration functions (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017); and the turning point of 1955 in the formation of the European migration regime (Relations Internationales, 2016).
*He has also published on the external relations of the European Community and Union. His outputs have dealt with the role of regionalism in the European Union's external migration policy (Les Cahiers Irice, 2012); the interdependence created in the Mediterranean since the 1980s by international migration flows (Journal of European Integration History, 2015); and the origins of European citizenship (Peter Lang, 2016).
*A recent theme in his research pertains to the field of labor history. He has written articles on xenophobia among French sailors in the 1970s (Le Mouvement social, 2018) and on the international disputes surrounding posted workers in the history of European Integration (Labor History, 2019).
Dr Emmanuel Comte
Vienna School of International Studies
Department of History
Favoritenstraße 15 a