Book description: After the Second World War, the international migration regime in Europe took a course different from the global migration regime and the migration regimes in other regions of the world. Cumbersome and arbitrary administrative practices prevailed in the late 1940s in most parts of Europe. The gradual implementation of regulations for the free movement of people within the European Community, European citizenship, and the internal and external dimensions of the Schengen agreements profoundly transformed migration policies. These instruments produced a regional regime with an unparalleled degree of intraregional openness and an unusual closure towards migrants from outside Europe. Based on national and international archives, this books makes the radically new argument that German geopolitical and geo-economic strategies during the Cold War shaped the openness of that original regime. The German economy disproportionately absorbed most of the new migrants created by the open migration regime and transferred the bulk of social security benefits abroad for these same migrants (unemployment benefits, pensions, and family allowances). The book shows that the liberal migration regime in Western Europe supported German economic expansion and epitomised the liberal international order conducive to German Reunification and the integration of Europe.
Book reviewed in Foreign Affairs, German History, German Politics, International Affairs, International Journal of Public Administration, International Migration Review, International Review of Social History, Journal of European Integration History, Politique européenne, The American Historical Review.